As part of a series intended to share information about issues raised in various Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) reports, this note is the first part, addressing the road sector reform process in Ghana, still challenged by political, economic, and social forces. It examines the sustainable Ghana Roads Fund, financed mainly by a fuel levy, and, the contracting process, where all three agencies, i.e., the Ghana Highways Authority, Department of Feeder Roads, and the Department of Urban Roads, contract up to ninety percent of periodic road maintenance to the private sector. Private contractors have proven their ability to provide the desired output with efficiency, quality, and timeliness. However, it is the Ghanaian contracting process which has successfully overcome either equipment, or employment obstacles: effort are pursued vigorously with intensive training, supported by Ghanaian engineering consulting firms who provide technical assistance, and supervisory services to the contracting industry. Following training completion, contractors who lack sufficient equipment, are enrolled in a loan-purchase scheme, where during four years they are guaranteed work, during which time they must repay the loan. While recent legal, and institutional reforms point to a decentralization of road construction, and maintenance activities, and to an extent, to operational definition of reforms by the political economy, the Road Fund secures funding through its private-public partnership Board.
Africa Transport Technical Note No.6
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