During the first period the Bank's main concern was to find ways of relieving urban traffic congestion. This mainly involved the prescription of traffic management, road rehabilitation and road construction. It also involved helping the formal public transport sector become more efficient and building local capabilities to plan, implementation and monitor traffic management schemes. This focus is reflected in the projects undertaken in the Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, Senegal, Cameroon and Zimbabwe. During the second period the Bank's main concern shifted to the development of comprehensive urban transport policies. The principal focus was on public transport supply, finance and efficiency, road rehabilitation and maintenance, traffic management, road safety and institution building in all these sub-sectors. It was during this period that we see more attention being given to non-motorized transport. A Bank led team of experts would prepare a comprehensive overview of urban transport policy in the country concerned. A key element of the report would be the recommendations concerning policy action programs. These programs were developed by the Bank team with inputs from local officials. Essentially, it was a Bank owned report. The degree to which ownership was transferred to the country was dependent on the political willingness of the country to accept the Bank's findings. The proposed projects in Kenya and Nigeria reflect this approach.
SSATP Working Paper No.1
Date of Publication (Year):