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Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa -- A Review of International Legal Instruments -- Treaties, Conventions, Protocols, Decisions, Directives

Facilitating trade flows between countries belonging to the same sub-region does not only require adequate transport infrastructure, or the availability of competitive and reliable transport services. Both will be used effectively only to the extent allowed by the legal framework governing their operations. Similarly, better regional economic integration will be served not only through harmonization of national development policies, but also, and perhaps to a greater extent, through the preparation, ratification and implementation of supranational legal instruments, going from the subregion to the continent and to the level of international conventions. Those instruments provide the necessary framework underpinning the sustainable development of trade flows, themselves harbingers of economic growth and employment generation. Sub-Saharan Africa clearly illustrates this situation, where several sub-regions are working hard from East to West to establish institutional and economic ties to help stimulate the joint progress of forty-eight countries. Actually, as a result of both whimsical politics and geography, the existence in Africa of fifteen landlocked countries has only strengthened the need to codify the rules governing the exchanges between coastal states and landlocked ones, so that the latter can benefit from a facilitated access to external markets. So, while numerous efforts are at play to push ahead with the regional integration of the continent, it appeared timely to draw an inventory of the legal instruments in force in sub-Saharan Africa, aiming at facilitating transport and trade flows between countries of the region. This document presents this inventory, together with an analysis of the main components and characteristics of all listed instruments.

Published:Apr 2004

Author:Jean Grosdidier de Matons
(Français [PDF])

Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa -- (Main text and Annexes)

Published:Apr 2004

Author:Jean Grosdidier de Matons
(Français [HTML])

RMI Update No.8 - March 2004

Published:Feb 2004

Training of Small Scale Contractors for Rural Road Maintenance in Lesotho

This note summarizes the methodology, challenges and lessons learned in the planning, management and organization of the Contracting Training Program (CTP) in Lesotho. The Contractor Training Program (CTP) started in 1994 with the main objective to phase out force account procedures for carrying out rural road maintenance, which were neither efficient nor cost effective. Some of the lessons learned are : CTPs need long term expensive TA, and adequate attention is needed for the selection and monitoring of local staff; financing of construction equipment can be overcome with imaginative and proactive management from the road agencies as well as a supportive private sector; a CTP program can make a significant impact on generating employment, but to ensure work quality, it is important to use appropriate technology; packaging work appropriately helps both the road agencies in the management of contracts and the contractors to develop their implementation capacity. to create market incentives, greater cooperation between the private and public sector is needed through providing a regular flow of works, and simplified competitive bidding procedures.

Published:Feb 2004

Author:Subhash C. Seth

SSATP Transport Indicator Initiative -- Concept Note

At the occasion of the annual meeting of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) in Kigali in May 2003, the SSATP was requested by its members to take the lead in coordinating and promoting efforts to establish a common set of key transport sector performance indicators, and to assist to build up capacity to collect the required data in a sustainable manner. To meet the objectives of this SSATP exercise, a set of high-level indicators has been designed that span the main critical areas of transport in Sub-Saharan Africa. They summarize the situation of transport through 4 focus areas, which are deemed crucial for poverty alleviation and growth: road network management; rural accessibility; urban transport effectiveness; and corridor effectiveness. These indicators and their rationale are detailed in this note.

Published:Jan 2004

Author:Arnaud Desmarchelier
(Français [PDF])

The New African Road Maintenance Funds Association (ARMFA)

Published:Nov 2003

(Français [HTML])

SSATP Review of Poverty Reduction and Transport Strategies -- PRTSR Guidelines

This report discusses the process and methodology involved in developing a practicable method for undertaking a comparative analysis of transport sector and poverty reduction strategies. The report notes that this is an important milestone in a process that has been ongoing since the 2000 Business Meeting and Initial General Assembly of SSATP. Those meetings began the SSATP Strategic Review and formulation of new governance arrangements. The outputs of the Strategic Review resulted in demands being expressed by country coordinators for the transport sector to better demonstrate its contribution to poverty reduction and for a move towards a more integrated, programmatic approach within SSATP. The strategic goal of the program is to ensure that transport sector strategies are firmly anchored in overarching poverty reduction strategies was established at the 2002 SSATP Stakeholders' Meeting in Maputo, Mozambique. The guidelines are designed with a participatory methodology for the comparative assessment, which was tested out by three countries: Guinea, Rwanda and Tanzania during the first half of 2003. These guidelines are the result of the experimentation and verification by transport and poverty reduction strategy personnel in sub-Saharan Africa.

Published:Nov 2003

(Français [PDF])

Road Funds in Africa, Comparative Experience

Published:Nov 2003

Author:Stephen Brushett
(Français [PDF])

SSATP Review of Poverty Reduction and Transport Strategies -- PRTSR Guidelines

This report discusses the process and methodology involved in developing a practicable method for undertaking a comparative analysis of transport sector and poverty reduction strategies. The report notes that this is an important milestone in a process that has been ongoing since the 2000 Business Meeting and Initial General Assembly of SSATP. Those meetings began the SSATP Strategic Review and formulation of new governance arrangements. The outputs of the Strategic Review resulted in demands being expressed by country coordinators for the transport sector to better demonstrate its contribution to poverty reduction and for a move towards a more integrated, programmatic approach within SSATP. The strategic goal of the program is to ensure that transport sector strategies are firmly anchored in overarching poverty reduction strategies was established at the 2002 SSATP Stakeholders' Meeting in Maputo, Mozambique. The guidelines are designed with a participatory methodology for the comparative assessment, which was tested out by three countries: Guinea, Rwanda and Tanzania during the first half of 2003. These guidelines are the result of the experimentation and verification by transport and poverty reduction strategy personnel in sub-Saharan Africa.

Published:Nov 2003

Author:Mary Braithwaite

SSATP Work Program 2004

Published:Sep 2003

(Français [PDF])

National Roads Board of Zambia -- Origin of the Board and Involvement of Road Users in Decision-Making Process

Published:Sep 2003

Author:Henry Chipewo, Chairman of the Zambia NRB

RMI Update No.7 - August 2003

Published:Jul 2003

Almaty Programme of Action

Published:Jul 2003

Guideline - Low-Volume Sealed Roads -- Full Text

Published:Jun 2003

Author:M.I.Pinard, S.D.Ellis, C-H.Eriksson, R.Johansen, T.Toole, R.Beger, M.E.Gumbie, H.J.S.Lotter, A.R.Quimby
(Français [PDF])

SSATP Annual Conference and Stakeholders' Meeting

The report comprises the proceedings from the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP), and presents discussions held with stakeholders, towards moving SSATP's long-term strategic objective - the development of transport sector policies and strategies, that contribute fully to the national poverty reduction objectives, and to the promotion of regional economic integration. The main output of the Meeting was the framework for the 2004 Work Program, and identification of future priorities, and, results of the stakeholders' focus are fully consistent with the strategic direction the program is expected to take. The twin pillars of the strategy - social development and pro-poor growth, promoted by transports' contribution to regional integration, and national poverty reduction goals - set the framework for three dominant thematic areas: transport corridor management and performance; road management and finance; and, rural and urban transport services. Into these are woven priority cross-cutting themes on HIV/AIDS, environmental impact management, gender equity, safety and security, and microenterprise development. Within new challenges identified, key issues emerged, i.e., defining optimal network coverage, basic access, and funding mechanisms; mobilization; road funds; road management practices; regulatory framework regarding regional road programs; and, public-private partnerships.

Published:Jun 2003

(Français [PDF])

Low-Volume Roads: Best Management Practices Field Guide (USA)

Published:Jun 2003

Author:Gordon Keller, James Sherar

AIDS and Transport in Africa -- A Framework for Meeting the Challenge

Published:Jun 2003

AIDS and Transport in Africa Reference Guide

Published:Jun 2003

Transport and Trade Facilitation -- East and Southern Africa

Published:Jun 2003

Author:Sandra Coetzee

Review of Road Fund Performance in Africa

Published:May 2003

Author:Stephen Brushett
(Français [PDF])

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