Data improve governance by increasing transparency and accountability. Adequate and reliable data are necessary to underpin policy decisions and to measure their effectiveness. However, in Africa few Transport Sector Data Management Systems (TSDMS) are established by transport agencies based on internal demand. As a result, there is a wide perception that high-level policy decisions in the transport sector are not taken based on evidence supported by actual data.
Addressing the infrastructure gap in Africa, in particular in transport, has contributed to put in place the foundation for accelerating economic growth. These efforts are indeed bearing fruits, especially in terms of improved accessibility and connectivity – new areas are getting opened up and communities are getting better connected to services. This notwithstanding, the price of transport services in Africa is still one of the highest, the quality of services is overall poor and modern transport logistics is in general lacking.
This paper provides an overall framework for identifying, planning and prioritizing rural transport infrastructure and services interventions. A key element is to encourage a holistic understanding of rural transport. Although services and infrastructure can be planned in isolation of each other, the best long-term results are likely to be achieved if they are improved in conjunction with each other.
Les infrastructures de transport demeurent essentielles dans l’optique d’une croissance inclusive et de la réduction de la pauvreté, mais les investissements consentis et leur entretien ne peuvent atteindre les résultats escomptés tant que la continuité de la chaîne des transports ne sera pas assurée. L’harmonisation des normes, opérations et processus est donc fondamentale pour faciliter le transport et le commerce international et éliminer les barrières à l’entrée des marchés.
Current rural travel and transport are dominated by head loading and walking (largely by women) to satisfy the daily travel and goods movement needs of rural populations in sub - Saharan Africa (SSA). Although rural roads and off-road transport may interact synergistically, with each amplifying the economic and social impact of the other, this interaction has not been directly studied or quantified. When intermediate means of transport (IMTs) have been introduced in the past and used in the transport system, private individuals have usually developed and reaped the benefits.
This report, prepared under the Rural Travel and Transport Project of the sub - Saharan Africa Transport Program (SSATP), presents findings from a review of 127 projects with rural road components in SSA. The review highlights key policy changes discussed under the main headings of planning, design and technology, resource mobilization, and sectoral organization and institutional performance. Planning is seen as a process involving key constituencies at various levels rather than a methodology.
Road transport is the dominant mode of transport in sub-Saharan Africa, carrying close to 90 percent of the region's passenger and freight transport, and providing the only access to rural communities where over 70 percent of Africans live. Despite their importance, most of the region's nearly 2 million km of roads are poorly managed and badly maintained. By 1990, nearly a third of the $150 billion invested in roads had been eroded through lack of maintenance.