This note presents the main conclusions of an on-site study of urban transport dysfunction, and air pollution in the Dakar agglomeration, carried out from August to November 1998, whose findings were discussed at a national seminar, which formed part of the Sub-Saharan African air quality initiative. Regarding the particular problem of air pollution caused by urban transport, the study and the recommendations, defined an action plan, being considered for financing, as part of a project preparation for increasing urban mobility in the Dakar area.
This note analyzes the organization, profitability, and financing of private mass transit services in Abidjan, with an emphasis on private companies, operating minibuses commonly known as "gbakas". The Abidjan case study is part of a regional study launched early in 1999, under the urban mobility component of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP), covering four cities: Abidjan, Bamako, Harare, and Nairobi, while the regional study was carried out by the Solidarite Internationale sur les Transports et la Recherche en Afrique Subsaharienne. (SITRASS).
The World Bank's role in Sub-Saharan Africa's urban transport sub-sector has evolved in the last few years. Recent projects concerned specifically with urban transport (e.g., in Ghana, Kenya, and Senegal), are based on a comprehensive approach to urban mobility issues.
The note highlights the conclusions of the study on Urban Air Quality in Cotonou, carried out in 2000. The purpose of the study was to identify the major source of air pollution in the city, and quantify the costs associated with such pollution. Measures envisaged to limit air quality degradation, were grouped in three categories: technical and institutional measures concerning vehicles; operational measures, to improve effectiveness in terms of pollution; and, measures allowing a decrease in travel demand, i.e., urban planning policy.
The present Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Program (SSATP) progress report, specifies that, while the Program's basic premises, still prevail - policy reform, essential to obtain improved provision of transport services, within a common regulatory framework on sector policies and strategies - it is however, at present, focusing on assisting African countries in capacity building, and ensuring an exchange of experiences, among countries facing similar options.