The note reviews concessioning of rail operations, as a partnership between the State, and a private operator in which, while maintaining ownership of rail infrastructure, the State transfers railway operations to the concessionaire, under agreed conditions. It examines the scope of the concession, the railway activity regulatory framework, and management of railway infrastructure, and of locomotives and rolling stock, in addition to the concessionaire's staff governing legal regulations, fees, and taxation.
There are over one and a half million km of roads in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including 554,000 km of main roads. Almost without exception, these roads are managed by bureaucratic government roads departments. The roads carry 80 to 90 percent of the region's passenger and freight traffic, absorb 5 to 10 percent of central government recurrent budgets and 10 to 20 percent of their development budgets.
As part of a series intended to share information about issues raised in various Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) reports, this note is the first part, addressing the road sector reform process in Ghana, still challenged by political, economic, and social forces.
The key features of the road reform process initiated in Uganda are: (a) development of an analytical basis to review different road financing and management options; (b) commitment and ownership of the reform program; (c) perception of transport as one of the important sectors of the economy; and (d) development of a sector investment policy and plan.
This note summarizes the methodology, challenges and lessons learned in the planning, management and organization of the Contracting Training Program (CTP) in Lesotho. The Contractor Training Program (CTP) started in 1994 with the main objective to phase out force account procedures for carrying out rural road maintenance, which were neither efficient nor cost effective.