Data improve governance by increasing transparency and accountability. Adequate and reliable data are necessary to underpin policy decisions and to measure their effectiveness. However, in Africa few Transport Sector Data Management Systems (TSDMS) are established by transport agencies based on internal demand. As a result, there is a wide perception that high-level policy decisions in the transport sector are not taken based on evidence supported by actual data.
A monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system is an essential element of the planning, design and implementation of rural transport projects and is useful in assessing whether projects achieve their strategic and development objectives. However, tracking results and being able to use them for future planning is a big challenge for developing and improving rural transport in Africa. There is a lack of evidence on both the development impacts of rural transport improvements and more importantly the benefits they bring to the rural poor.