This paper, prepared under the Rural Travel and Transport Project (RTTP) of the sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) focuses on local level transport in rural Africa. Households surveys and case studies on intermediate means of transport (IMT) and the role of transport in women's lives were carried out to enhance the understanding of the circumstances under which local level transport imposes a constraint, of the nature of that constraint, and of the appropriate measures to alleviate the constraint.
Current rural travel and transport are dominated by head loading and walking (largely by women) to satisfy the daily travel and goods movement needs of rural populations in sub - Saharan Africa (SSA). Although rural roads and off-road transport may interact synergistically, with each amplifying the economic and social impact of the other, this interaction has not been directly studied or quantified. When intermediate means of transport (IMTs) have been introduced in the past and used in the transport system, private individuals have usually developed and reaped the benefits.