Promoting Policy Reforms for Effective Transport Services in COMESA Countries -- Review of the Road Sector in Selected COMESA Countries (Eastern and Island Countries)

Concerned by the poor state of the road network in most of its member countries, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) has been promoting reforms to help regional integration for effective transport services. COMESA has taken an interest in the Road Maintenance Initiative (RMI), which has been working with nine pilot countries, five of which are within the COMESA area, on ways to make road maintenance sustainable. Twelve COMESA countries were reviewed.


African Road Funds: What Works and Why?

This paper reviews experience with the operation of selected African road funds. Although most African road funds suffer from systematic problems, this review identifies examples of best practice and provides guidance on how to design a road fund that works. The paper has mainly been written for a technical audience and is directed toward officials in developing countries, Bank Task Managers, and officials in other development agencies working to improve the operation of road funds. It is also written for consultants involved in setting up new road funds, or restructuring existing ones.


Commercializing Africa’s Roads: Transforming the Role of the Public Sector

There are over one and a half million km of roads in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including 554,000 km of main roads. Almost without exception, these roads are managed by bureaucratic government roads departments. The roads carry 80 to 90 percent of the region's passenger and freight traffic, absorb 5 to 10 percent of central government recurrent budgets and 10 to 20 percent of their development budgets.


Improving Management and Financing of Roads in Sub-Saharan Africa -- Summary Review for 47 SSA Countries

This overview of the road transport sector in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, includes an analysis of current status, and developments since 1989, and examines forty seven countries in four regions: the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region, which given its large, and more advance economy compared to other countries, has been treated as a separate entity in this review; the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) region; the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region; and, the Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Central (UDEAC) region.

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