Concessioning of Rail Transport -- A New Approach to Restructuring Railways in Sub-Saharan Africa

The note reviews concessioning of rail operations, as a partnership between the State, and a private operator in which, while maintaining ownership of rail infrastructure, the State transfers railway operations to the concessionaire, under agreed conditions. It examines the scope of the concession, the railway activity regulatory framework, and management of railway infrastructure, and of locomotives and rolling stock, in addition to the concessionaire's staff governing legal regulations, fees, and taxation.

English

Facilitation of Transport and Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa -- A Review of International Legal Instruments -- Treaties, Conventions, Protocols, Decisions, Directives

Facilitating trade flows between countries belonging to the same sub-region does not only require adequate transport infrastructure, or the availability of competitive and reliable transport services. Both will be used effectively only to the extent allowed by the legal framework governing their operations.

English

Facilitation du commerce et du transport -- Guide pour l’audit, l’analyse et la préparation de plans d’action

While the document "Trade and Transport Facilitation - Audit Methodology" applies a practical approach to the general context of project evaluation, it appeared useful to expand, in particular, the section on Analysis of Corrective Measures, and compile the results within these guidelines.

French

Concessionning of the Ifrikya Railway -- A Case Study

The case study of the concessioning of the Ifrikya railway is based in part on several recent actual case studies on railway concessioning in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, several features of the general context and data have been changed for pedagogical purposes. The Republic of Ifrikya should therefore be considered an entirely fictitious country and the description of conditions there should not in any way be construed as mirroring the situation in any country that has recently entered into a railway concessioning arrangement.

English

Public Transport Microenterprises -- Formalization Experiences in South Africa

The note outlines the progress achieved by the Western Cape Provincial Government, to attain formalization of the mini-bus taxi industry, envisaged in terms of the National Taxi Task Team (NTTT) recommendations, released in September 1996. The Western Cape departed from the other eight provinces of South Africa, by deciding to commit key elements of the NTTT recommendations, to legislation in the Western Cape Road Transportation Act Amendment Law.

English

Expanding Labor-based Methods for Road Works in Africa

Using labor-based methods for road works has been an important part of the strategy to improve rural transport infrastructure in Africa over the past twenty-five years. These methods not only produce gravel roads of equal quality to those produced using equipment-based methods, but they also generate rural employment in a accost-effective manner. Although labor-based methods have proved to be a cost-effective alternative to equipment-based methods in many low-wage Sub-Saharan African countries, these methods have not been applied on large scale.

English

The Problems Facing Labor-based Road Programs and What to Do About Them -- Evidence from Ghana

The literature gives two explanations for contractors' reluctance to adopt labor-based methods. First, contractors believe the cost of learning this new technology is high. Programs designed to promote labor-based methods have always included subsidized training to address this problem. This study argues that focusing on training often diverts attention away from more substantive problems inherent in adopting labor-based methods.

English

Local Transport Solutions -- People, Paradoxes and Progress -- Lessons Arising from the Spread of Intermediate Means of Transport

This publication is based on the key note paper presented by the author at the experts Meeting on Intermediate Means of Transport (IMT) which took place in Nairobi, Kenya from 15 to 18, June 1999. Some 50 participants from twelve African countries including Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe attended. Participants also included experts from the Netherlands, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom and the World Bank.

English

Solutions pour le transport local -- Acteurs, exemples et contre exemples -- Enseignements tirés du développement des moyens intermédiaires de transport

This publication is based on the key note paper presented by the author at the experts Meeting on Intermediate Means of Transport (IMT) which took place in Nairobi, Kenya from 15 to 18, June 1999. Some 50 participants from twelve African countries including Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe attended. Participants also included experts from the Netherlands, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom and the World Bank.

French

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