The World Bank's role in Sub-Saharan Africa's urban transport sub-sector has evolved in the last few years. Recent projects concerned specifically with urban transport (e.g., in Ghana, Kenya, and Senegal), are based on a comprehensive approach to urban mobility issues.
The literature gives two explanations for contractors' reluctance to adopt labor-based methods. First, contractors believe the cost of learning this new technology is high. Programs designed to promote labor-based methods have always included subsidized training to address this problem. This study argues that focusing on training often diverts attention away from more substantive problems inherent in adopting labor-based methods.
A transport system responsive to needs is recognized as a major prerequisite for the social and economic development of rural areas. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rural transport system are, in general, in a very poor state. Accessibility in rural areas is low and fluctuates with the seasons, and transport costs are irregular but high. Transport needs claim a significant part of daily life for the rural population, especially for women of all ages.
This paper, prepared under the Rural Travel and Transport Project (RTTP) of the sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) focuses on local level transport in rural Africa. Households surveys and case studies on intermediate means of transport (IMT) and the role of transport in women's lives were carried out to enhance the understanding of the circumstances under which local level transport imposes a constraint, of the nature of that constraint, and of the appropriate measures to alleviate the constraint.
Current rural travel and transport are dominated by head loading and walking (largely by women) to satisfy the daily travel and goods movement needs of rural populations in sub - Saharan Africa (SSA). Although rural roads and off-road transport may interact synergistically, with each amplifying the economic and social impact of the other, this interaction has not been directly studied or quantified. When intermediate means of transport (IMTs) have been introduced in the past and used in the transport system, private individuals have usually developed and reaped the benefits.
This note summarizes challenges, responses and lessons learned by two World Bank supported projects addressing HIV/AIDS in the road sector. These are: The Joint Regional HIV/AIDS Project in the Abidjan Lagos Transport Corridor (Corridor Project) and the Ethiopia Road Sector Development Program (RSDP). While the Corridor Project is regional and addresses HIV/AIDS on the road between Abidjan and Lagos, the RSDP is a country specific road construction program with an HIV/AIDS component.