This document is based on a program of Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) Infrastructure and Services in Kenya (Nairobi and Eldoret), and Tanzania (Temeke, ward of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro). It aims to: a) comprehensively document the background to urban mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), b) describe the NMT pilot projects and their post-project monitoring, c) document the various assessments of this program which were previously undertaken, and, d) draw the "Lessons from experience" as a potentially useful instrument for the formulation and implementation of future NMT programs in SSA.
Within the context of rapid urbanization, and expansion of urban poverty in Africa, the vast majority of the population have experienced difficulties in attaining its daily mobility and sustain needs due to the more and more difficult transport conditions. The note addresses the most problematic dimensions of the mobility of poor people, and the extent to which such displacement worsens their condition, based on a duel research, conducted in Conakry and Douala by the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP).
The present Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Program (SSATP) progress report, specifies that, while the Program's basic premises, still prevail - policy reform, essential to obtain improved provision of transport services, within a common regulatory framework on sector policies and strategies - it is however, at present, focusing on assisting African countries in capacity building, and ensuring an exchange of experiences, among countries facing similar options.
The Sub-Sahara Africa Transport Program (SSATP) was launched in 1987 as a joint initiative of the World Bank and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to improve transport sector performance by promoting policy reforms and institutional changes. The SSATP is a broad collaborative effort of national development aid agencies, international agencies (UNDP, ILO, and UNCTAD), and African institutions (i. a. UAR, MINCONMAR, PTA), with the World Bank and ECA acting as the Executing Agencies.
A comprehensive investigative study was implemented in 2002, on the status, and development of urban mobility in three Sub-Saharan African cities - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Nairobi, Kenya; and, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Its purpose was to gather information in terms of size, regional spread, and availability data, that would allow identification of issues affecting urban mobility in the related cities, and prepare action plans, that would lead to policy reforms.