This manual presents the Roads Economic Decision Model (RED) developed to improve the decision-making process for the development and maintenance of low-volume rural roads.
The study reviews the intermediate means of transport in eastern Uganda, suggesting that ownership, and use of bicycles is a double-sided factor in meeting household needs, for it not only provides transportation, but serves as a means of income generation. Several factors however, influence ownership of a bicycle, namely, economic status, cultural background, and location with regard to the terrain, and infrastructure. The cost of bicycles is comparatively higher than prices received for agricultural commodities, in addition to the fact that credit availability is non-existent.
Reducing the transport burdens or rural women, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), would release time and energy for productive and socially beneficial activities. This case study investigates the magnitude of the transport burden incurred in order to obtain access to domestic facilities - collection of water and firewood, and carrying of crops to the grinding mill. The objective of the paper is to assess the impact of "non-transport interventions" to improve access to these facilities on the utilization of time and energy by rural women.