Facilitating trade flows between countries belonging to the same sub-region does not only require adequate transport infrastructure, or the availability of competitive and reliable transport services. Both will be used effectively only to the extent allowed by the legal framework governing their operations.
Since the early 1990s, legal and institutional reform in the roads sector has received more attention in the Southern African Development Conference (SADC) region. This was prompted by the recognition that efforts to maintain and rehabilitate the region's road infrastructure would not deliver sustainable results unless accompanied by wide-ranging institutional strengthening, improved financing arrangements, and administrative reforms.
The key features of the road reform process initiated in Uganda are: (a) development of an analytical basis to review different road financing and management options; (b) commitment and ownership of the reform program; (c) perception of transport as one of the important sectors of the economy; and (d) development of a sector investment policy and plan.