The present document summarizes the findings after the second cycle of transport data collection in the context of the SSATP transport indicator initiative. By the end of July 2006, 15 countries1 had produced data out of the 21 currently involved.2 All those data have been compiled in a spreadsheet which is an annex to the present document. This second cycle shows some improvements over the first cycle in terms of data formatting and overall quality as well as comprehensiveness.
This manual presents the Roads Economic Decision Model (RED) developed to improve the decision-making process for the development and maintenance of low-volume rural roads.
Current rural travel and transport are dominated by head loading and walking (largely by women) to satisfy the daily travel and goods movement needs of rural populations in sub - Saharan Africa (SSA). Although rural roads and off-road transport may interact synergistically, with each amplifying the economic and social impact of the other, this interaction has not been directly studied or quantified. When intermediate means of transport (IMTs) have been introduced in the past and used in the transport system, private individuals have usually developed and reaped the benefits.
The argument presented in this report is that the relationships between improved rural road infrastructure and the provision of complementary vehicle services have not been fully understood resulting in over emphasis on infrastructure and under emphasis on the vehicle services themselves. The paper draws on evidence from cross country comparisons to conclude that there are particular problems in the rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
This Note presents the Roads Economic Decision Model (RED) that performs an economic evaluation of road investments and maintenance options customized to the characteristics of low-volume roads such as: a) high uncertainty of the assessment of traffic, road condition, and future maintenance of unpaved roads; b) periods during a year with disrupted passability; c) levels of service and corresponding road user costs defined not lonely through roughness; d) high potential to influence economic development; and e) beneficiaries other than motorized road users.
The Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) was launched fifteen years ago as a joint initiative of the World Bank and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to improve transport sector performance by promoting policy reforms and institutional changes. The basic premises of the Program are that policy reform is essential in order to improve transport services; and that countries and their development partners need to col-laborate in the sector within a common framework of policies.
The basic premises of the Program are that: (i) policy reform is essential to obtain improved provision of transport services; and (ii) countries and their development partners need to collaborate within the framework of a common vision of policies and strategies in the sector. The SSATP is concentrating on assisting African countries in their efforts to build capacity for designing and implementing these premises. Capacity building is now firmly the focus of the Program.
The key features of the road reform process initiated in Uganda are: (a) development of an analytical basis to review different road financing and management options; (b) commitment and ownership of the reform program; (c) perception of transport as one of the important sectors of the economy; and (d) development of a sector investment policy and plan.
Scott Wilson was appointed by the SSATP/World Bank to undertake a technical assessment of pilot projects implemented in Kenya and Tanzania under Phase II of the Non-Motorized Transport [NMT] Program between 1995 and 1999. This report is submitted in response to the requirements of the Terms of Reference for the assessment. It provides an overview of the various program activities and their strengths and weaknesses. An assessment is made of whether the pilot projects have contributed to achieving the long-term objectives of the (NMT) Program.