Maritime Transport Serving West and Central African Countries -- Trends and Issues

This report is intended for key stakeholders in the maritime transport sector in West and Central Africa (West Africa) and provides an overview of the issues and problems highlighted during the Round Table on Shipping Services in West and Central African States sponsored jointly by the World Bank and the Ministerial Conference of West and Central African States on Maritime transport (MINCONMAR) was held in Cotonou, Benin on June 23-26, 1992.

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Case Study on the Role of Women in Rural Transport -- Access of Women to Domestic Facilities

Reducing the transport burdens or rural women, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), would release time and energy for productive and socially beneficial activities. This case study investigates the magnitude of the transport burden incurred in order to obtain access to domestic facilities - collection of water and firewood, and carrying of crops to the grinding mill. The objective of the paper is to assess the impact of "non-transport interventions" to improve access to these facilities on the utilization of time and energy by rural women.

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The Problems Facing Labor-based Road Programs and What to Do About Them -- Evidence from Ghana

The literature gives two explanations for contractors' reluctance to adopt labor-based methods. First, contractors believe the cost of learning this new technology is high. Programs designed to promote labor-based methods have always included subsidized training to address this problem. This study argues that focusing on training often diverts attention away from more substantive problems inherent in adopting labor-based methods.

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Promoting Intermediate Means of Transport

A transport system responsive to needs is recognized as a major prerequisite for the social and economic development of rural areas. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rural transport system are, in general, in a very poor state. Accessibility in rural areas is low and fluctuates with the seasons, and transport costs are irregular but high. Transport needs claim a significant part of daily life for the rural population, especially for women of all ages.

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Road Sector Reform: A Tale of Two Countries, (Part 1) Ghana -- Serendipity or Foresight?

As part of a series intended to share information about issues raised in various Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) reports, this note is the first part, addressing the road sector reform process in Ghana, still challenged by political, economic, and social forces.

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