This document is based on a program of Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) Infrastructure and Services in Kenya (Nairobi and Eldoret), and Tanzania (Temeke, ward of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro). It aims to: a) comprehensively document the background to urban mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), b) describe the NMT pilot projects and their post-project monitoring, c) document the various assessments of this program which were previously undertaken, and, d) draw the "Lessons from experience" as a potentially useful instrument for the formulation and implementation of future NMT programs in SSA.
During the first period the Bank's main concern was to find ways of relieving urban traffic congestion. This mainly involved the prescription of traffic management, road rehabilitation and road construction. It also involved helping the formal public transport sector become more efficient and building local capabilities to plan, implementation and monitor traffic management schemes. This focus is reflected in the projects undertaken in the Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, Senegal, Cameroon and Zimbabwe.
Within the context of rapid urbanization, and expansion of urban poverty in Africa, the vast majority of the population have experienced difficulties in attaining its daily mobility and sustain needs due to the more and more difficult transport conditions. The note addresses the most problematic dimensions of the mobility of poor people, and the extent to which such displacement worsens their condition, based on a duel research, conducted in Conakry and Douala by the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP).
The SSATP in its earlier years was driven by the desire of the donor community to see policy reform introduced in the interest of efficient use of donor funds. Now, as both the Bank and other donors increasingly work in a partnership mode with countries in project formulation (witnessed i.e. in the move towards SIPs), there is an emerging demand for the services of the program within the African countries.
Scott Wilson was appointed by the SSATP/World Bank to undertake a technical assessment of pilot projects implemented in Kenya and Tanzania under Phase II of the Non-Motorized Transport [NMT] Program between 1995 and 1999. This report is submitted in response to the requirements of the Terms of Reference for the assessment. It provides an overview of the various program activities and their strengths and weaknesses. An assessment is made of whether the pilot projects have contributed to achieving the long-term objectives of the (NMT) Program.