Summary and conclusion of the study on urban transport dysfunction and air pollution in Dakar

This note presents the main conclusions of an on-site study of urban transport dysfunction, and air pollution in the Dakar agglomeration, carried out from August to November 1998, whose findings were discussed at a national seminar, which formed part of the Sub-Saharan African air quality initiative. Regarding the particular problem of air pollution caused by urban transport, the study and the recommendations, defined an action plan, being considered for financing, as part of a project preparation for increasing urban mobility in the Dakar area.

English

Synthèse et conclusions de l’étude relative aux dysfonctionnements des transports urbains et à la pollution de l’air à Dakar

This note presents the main conclusions of an on-site study of urban transport dysfunction, and air pollution in the Dakar agglomeration, carried out from August to November 1998, whose findings were discussed at a national seminar, which formed part of the Sub-Saharan African air quality initiative. Regarding the particular problem of air pollution caused by urban transport, the study and the recommendations, defined an action plan, being considered for financing, as part of a project preparation for increasing urban mobility in the Dakar area.

French

African Road Funds: What Works and Why?

This paper reviews experience with the operation of selected African road funds. Although most African road funds suffer from systematic problems, this review identifies examples of best practice and provides guidance on how to design a road fund that works. The paper has mainly been written for a technical audience and is directed toward officials in developing countries, Bank Task Managers, and officials in other development agencies working to improve the operation of road funds. It is also written for consultants involved in setting up new road funds, or restructuring existing ones.

English

Commercializing Africa’s Roads: Transforming the Role of the Public Sector

There are over one and a half million km of roads in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including 554,000 km of main roads. Almost without exception, these roads are managed by bureaucratic government roads departments. The roads carry 80 to 90 percent of the region's passenger and freight traffic, absorb 5 to 10 percent of central government recurrent budgets and 10 to 20 percent of their development budgets.

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The Economics of Traffic Safety

The note examines several possible entry points for debating the economics of traffic safety, namely, the supply side approach, which addresses the cost of accidents to society, and those affected by it; the demand side approach, which addresses the willingness of people to pay, to avoid or curb accidents; the macroeconomic consequences of traffic accidents, and of measures to improve safety, raising questions on the impact of traffic safety on economic growth - an issue subject to much misunderstanding; and, who is responsible, or should pay for.

English

Les aspects économiques de la sécurité routière

The note examines several possible entry points for debating the economics of traffic safety, namely, the supply side approach, which addresses the cost of accidents to society, and those affected by it; the demand side approach, which addresses the willingness of people to pay, to avoid or curb accidents; the macroeconomic consequences of traffic accidents, and of measures to improve safety, raising questions on the impact of traffic safety on economic growth - an issue subject to much misunderstanding; and, who is responsible, or should pay for.

French

Road Safety in Africa -- Appraisal of Road Safety Initiatives in Five African Countries

Upon the request of the World Bank, the Institute of Transport Economics, Norway did an appraisal of the road safety situation and road safety work in five African countries: Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The overall objective of the evaluation was to identify key measures that would reduce fatalities, personal injuries, and material damage from road accidents in Africa. The information was collected through visits to the five countries.

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Scoping Study -- Urban Mobility in Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi

A comprehensive investigative study was implemented in 2002, on the status, and development of urban mobility in three Sub-Saharan African cities - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Nairobi, Kenya; and, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Its purpose was to gather information in terms of size, regional spread, and availability data, that would allow identification of issues affecting urban mobility in the related cities, and prepare action plans, that would lead to policy reforms.

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Urban Transport Services in Sub-Saharan Africa -- Improving Vehicles Operations

The report presents findings, and the way forward in respect of the Knowledge and Research (KAR) Project on vehicle operations in Sub-Saharan Africa, basically undertaken in Uganda and Ghana. In the first phase, the study identified problems faced by transport operators in both countries, and analyzed their impact on vehicle operating costs, as well as examining transport regulations, and current organization of transport services and their impact on vehicle utilization.

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