Les passages aux frontières le long du Corridor Nord

La première image qui vient à l’esprit quand on pense à une frontière terrestre en Afrique est celle d’une longue file de poids lourds qui attendent leur tour pour accomplir les formalités. L’amélioration des infrastructures routières était supposée réduire les coûts et les prix de transport. Malheureusement ces progrès sont neutralisés par les pertes de temps aux frontières. La création de poste de contrôle juxtaposé s'est rapidement imposée comme une solution miracle ces dix dernières années.

French

Total Logistics Costs in West and Central Africa

Transport costs affect the price of goods imported by traders on two levels: (i) the financial cost of the logistics services (from gateway to final clearance, assuming goods are traded on a CIF basis), and (ii) the economic cost of delays and uncertainties on the delivery date (cost of excess inventory).

The Total Logistics Costs is the sum of those two components:

TLC = Financial cost of logistics services + Economic impact of delivery time and uncertainties on shipper

The two components can in turn be broken down into:

English

Border Crossing Monitoring along the Northern Corridor

When one thinks of border crossing in Africa, the image that comes in mind is that of a long queue of trucks waiting idly to fill out paper. The improvement of road infrastructure was expected to reduce transport costs and prices. However, all the benefits derived by this achievement are undermined by time lost at the border. In the last decade, several border posts on main trade corridors in Africa have been converted into One Stop Border Posts (OSBP), which have been perceived as a miracle solution to save time.

English

The Chirundu Border Post

This paper presents the findings of an initiative undertaken by the SSATP and its regional partners to monitor transit performance along the North-South corridor, a major trade corridor. Based on the extensive data collection exercise carried out along the corridor, the Chirundu border post, between Zambia and Zimbabwe, was identified as one of the key impediments to the smooth flow of traffic, and it was therefore decided that it would be the pilot one-stop border post created for the Southern African region.

English

Guidelines on Vehicle Overload Control in Eastern and Southern Africa

Endemic overloading of commercial vehicles has led to the deterioration of roads in most Sub-Saharan African countries. Unless the problem is taken seriously, there is no doubt that it will negate the benefits expected from the vast resources invested in road infrastructure improvements. All the sub-regions in Africa are keen to identify effective solutions. As a contribution to this effort, the SSATP has worked with some of the regional economic communities, individual countries and the private sector to compile a set of guidelines.

English

Directive sur le contrôle de la surcharge des véhicules en Afrique orientale et australe

Le phénomène endémique de la surcharge des véhicules a entraîné la détérioration des routes de la plupart des pays d'Afrique sub-saharienne. A moins que le problème ne sois vraiment pris au sérieux, il ne fait aucune doute que cela remet en cause les nombreuses ressources investies dans l'amélioration des infrastructures routières. Toutes les régions de l'Afrique sont prêtes à trouver des solutions concrètes. Pour contribuer à cet effort, le SSATP a travaillé avec quelques unes des communautés économiques régionales, des pays et le sector privé pour établir un ensemble de directives.

French

Gazing into the mirror II - Se regarder dans le miroir II

This second volume of Gazing into the Mirror presents the results of the bold and original reform process initiated in 2009 to modernize the Cameroon Customs Administration and to instill a radically new culture within it. The objective is to facilitate trade and fight against fraud and bad practices. At the heart of this process are performance contracts signed between the Director General of Custom (co-author of the book) and Customs officers.

English

Se regarder dans le miroir - Le contrôle de l’exécution du service dans les douanes camerounaises

Le Cameroun est un exemple-type de pays en développement concerné par les enjeux de la facilitation des échanges compte tenu de sa position géographique au sein de l’Afrique centrale. Il finance son budget national à concurrence de près de 20 pourcent par les recettes douanières. L’administration des douanes joue ainsi un rôle crucial dans l’économie du pays.

French

Gazing into the Mirror - Operational Internal Control in Cameroon Customs

Cameroon is a model example of a developing country facing the challenges of trade facilitation, in light of its geographic location within Central Africa. Close to 20 percent of its Customs revenues are used to finance the national budget. Cameroon’s Customs administration therefore plays a critical role in its economy. This paper presents the modernization process launched in Cameroon Customs in 2006 and, in particular, the original approach adopted—the very early introduction of operational internal control as the keystone of the reform process under way.

English

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