Document de travail SSATP No 11F

Reducing the transport burdens or rural women, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), would release time and energy for productive and socially beneficial activities. This case study investigates the magnitude of the transport burden incurred in order to obtain access to domestic facilities - collection of water and firewood, and carrying of crops to the grinding mill. The objective of the paper is to assess the impact of "non-transport interventions" to improve access to these facilities on the utilization of time and energy by rural women. "Non-transport interventions" include the installation of improved water supplies, the development of community woodlots, the promotion of more efficient wood-burning stoves, and the establishment of crop-grinding mills. The study confirms that in SSA it is the women, assisted by their daughters, who are responsible for water and firewood collection and for travel to the grinding mill. By examining data from four household surveys in Ghana, Tanzania and Zambia, the study shows that these domestic transport activities are both time-consuming and burdensome. Water, firewood and crops for grinding are transported predominantly by women on foot, the load normally being carried on the head.

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Date of Publication (Year): 
Jan 1994
Christina E. Malmberg Calvo