Road transport is the dominant mode of transport in sub-Saharan Africa, carrying close to 90 percent of the region's passenger and freight transport, and providing the only access to rural communities where over 70 percent of Africans live. Despite their importance, most of the region's nearly 2 million km of roads are poorly managed and badly maintained. By 1990, nearly a third of the $150 billion invested in roads had been eroded through lack of maintenance.
This note summarizes challenges, responses and lessons learned by two World Bank supported projects addressing HIV/AIDS in the road sector. These are: The Joint Regional HIV/AIDS Project in the Abidjan Lagos Transport Corridor (Corridor Project) and the Ethiopia Road Sector Development Program (RSDP). While the Corridor Project is regional and addresses HIV/AIDS on the road between Abidjan and Lagos, the RSDP is a country specific road construction program with an HIV/AIDS component.