The Decade of Action for Road Safety encourages Governments to commit to the Decade of Action for Road Safety by implementing action plans that address the following five pillars:
- Better road safety management
- Safer roads
- Safer vehicles
- Safer road user behaviour
- Better post-crash response
Pillar 2 concerns safer road planning, design, implementation and maintenance for all types of road users, with particular emphasis on the most vulnerable.
Below are a series of good practices and guidelines for Pillar 2. Road safety agencies are invited to submit their own good road safety practices to SSATP so further examples can be added.
Speeding is one of the most important factors for the occurrence and severity of accidents. The higher the speed the higher the risk of accident and injury. It is one of the biggest challenges for road safety practitioners - but solutions are available.
The report ‘Speed Management - a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners’ (WHO 2009) is one out of five manuals aimed at policy-makers and practitioners providing step-by-step guidance to improve road safety with simple, cost-effective solutions.
The manual consists of a series of modules. It provides evidence of why speed management is important and takes the user through the steps needed to assess the situation in their own country. It explains the steps needed to design, plan and implement a program, including how to obtain funding, set up a working group, develop an action plan and, if necessary, introduce appropriate legislation. It considers the potential role of measures involving engineering and enforcement, as well as using education to change speed related behaviour. Finally, the manual guides the user on how to monitor and evaluate the program so that the results can be fed back into program design. For each of these activities, the document outlines in a practical way the various steps that need to be taken.
Evaluation of traffic calming in Ghana
The main role of a highway is to carry long-distance motorized traffic but the road becomes part of an urban area where it passes through settlements and towns. As a result, many fatalities are counted among pedestrians in semi-urban areas and settlement areas along highways. This is the case in Ghana and also in many other Sub-Sahara African countries. High speeds lie at the root of the problem, combined with a need for pedestrians to cross and walk along the road. Fortunately, traffic calming measures have proven to be a very cost-effective intervention as documented in the present evaluation.
Traffic calming Design Standards
Where speed limit signs are posted but not respected by the road users, traffic calming measures can be introduced to control the speeds effectively. It is extremely important that the design standards are based on agreed standards in line with international good practices. The attached manual describes the different traffic calming devices that can be used on roads in Ghana, where they can be used, and how they should be designed.
Road Standards in Ghana
Good road signs standards, and implementation and maintenance of the standards, are a crucial and necessary part of any road authority’s responsibilities. Some countries are in need of modernization of existing standards to fit present requirements. Ghana carried out an update of its road sign standards in 2007-08, complete with drawings in Autocad and CorelDRAW , which made it easy for designers to apply the new standards.
Guideline for Signing at Roadworks
Road authorities, contractors and supervising engineers have an important responsibility to make sure, that road works are safe, no matter how small the road works are. The attached guideline from Ghana demonstrates how this can be done so road users are informed, warned and guided past road works areas, thus protecting both the road users and the workers. To keep the respect of the road users for the signing of road works, and with it the road safety, it is also important to continuously maintain and adjust the signing to the current work situation.