Scoping Study -- Urban Mobility in Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi

Toolkits SSATP Working Paper September 30, 2002 Urban Transport & Mobility Ethiopia Kenya Tanzania…

Transport Research Laboratory

SSATP, The World Bank
SSATP Working Paper No. 70
Scoping Study -- Urban Mobility in Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi

A comprehensive investigative study was implemented in 2002, on the status, and development of urban mobility in three Sub-Saharan African cities - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Nairobi, Kenya; and, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Its purpose was to gather information in terms of size, regional spread, and availability data, that would allow identification of issues affecting urban mobility in the related cities, and prepare action plans, that would lead to policy reforms. This report focuses on the findings of such study, stipulating a keen awareness in each city, that many of the urban transport problems arise because of lack of leadership, and coordination, not just because of poor funding, which is of course a problem, and, further highlights the inability of organizational structures to respond in a coherent, and focused manner. The report concludes that the only way to derive significant improvements in the performance of the urban transport sector, is to reorganize the way in which urban transport is planned, and developed. Technical interventions should then have a greater chance of achieving a positive impact on the urban transport sector.

accessibility accident data arterial roads banking system Bicycle Ownership bicycles bus bus company bus operations Bus Services bus transport buses car ownership CITIES city Administration city bus city population City Roads city transport commuters commuting competing routes congestion Conventional bus conventional buses cultural norms cycling decentralization decentralization process drivers driving employment employment generation environmental hazards Environmental Pollution equity capital externalities fare increases fare revenues Fatalities flat fares framework fuel high-rise buildings income informal transport injuries institutional development intersections junctions Land Use loan financing low fares market entry mini- buses mini-buses minibus modal split motor cycles motor vehicle municipalities new entrants NMT operating costs operating surplus outer ring road overtaking parking passenger peak hours peak periods pedestrian facilities Pedestrians peripheral areas police policemen potholes Private operators productivity public transit public transport public transport market public transport passengers public transport service Public Transport System regulatory framework road accidents road infrastructure Road Maintenance road safety road space Road Traffic Road Traffic Accidents Road transport road transport industry roads routes Safety Council safety standards signs Stakeholders subsidiary tar taxation Taxis total trips traffic Traffic Accidents traffic flow traffic management Transport Transport Development transport infrastructure transport operators Transport Policy transport sector transport services transportation Transportation Systems trunk corridor Urban Development Urban Growth urban mobility urban planning urban poor urban sector Urban transport urban transport activities Urban Transport Component Urban Transport Policies urban transport policy urban transport problems urban transport sector Urban Travel vehicle design standards vehicle inspection Vehicles walkingUrban transport Urban transportation finance Urban transportation policy Organizational structure Coordinate system reorganization transport planning Case studies Program implementation Research planning Municipal infrastructure Equipment management technical assistance Road maintenance & repair
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