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Base de Connaissances sur le Transport Rural

Published:nov 2001

Author:Compiled by TRL Limited

Mise en oeuvre et impact de l’IGR, Enquête menée dans sept pays membres

Following extensive consultations with both public and private sector stakeholders, the Road Management Initiative (RMI) formerly known as Road Maintenance Initiative was launched in the late 1980.s as a component of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP). This program was led by the Africa Region Infrastructure Department of the World Bank and the Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) in response to an increasing concern over deteriorating road infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) despite substantial capital investments by governments and donors. Since its inception, the RMI has focused its activities on finding ways and means of reversing the process of decline that was trapping SSA governments in the cycle of road building, roads collapsing prematurely and roads being rebuilt long before the end of their design life. These activities have generally been pursued within the context of a key concept to emerge from the RMI program. that of commercialization of the roads sector, i.e. bringing roads into the market place, charging for their use on a fee-for-service basis and managing them like any other business. At the 14th RMI Annual Coordinating Committee Meeting (CCM) held in Pretoria, South Africa in December 1999, member states recommended the commissioning of a survey in selected countries to obtain stakeholders views on the RMI vision and strategy and on what changes seem necessary in the RMI approach to more effectively facilitate implementation of sustainable reforms. The survey was undertaken in seven countries: Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe and the key issues addressed were: 1) Stakeholders perceptions of the RMI vision for sustainable road management; 2) The barriers, constraints and concerns hampering attainment of the RMI vision; 3) The need for change in the RMI approach, focus and resources; and 4) Indicators to be used to monitor progress in the implementation and impact of reforms. This paper reports on the survey's outcome.

Published:nov 2001

Author:M.I. Pinard & S.M.A. Kaombwe

Facilitation du commerce et du transport -- Guide pour l’audit, l’analyse et la préparation de plans d’action

While the document "Trade and Transport Facilitation - Audit Methodology" applies a practical approach to the general context of project evaluation, it appeared useful to expand, in particular, the section on Analysis of Corrective Measures, and compile the results within these guidelines. This document presents a first step into what should be a process of continuous evolution, through the monitoring of methodologies and principles in light of each new experience, towards an improved approach for future application, whose objective is trade and transport facilitation in developing countries. Trade regulations among national borders - at ports, airports, country borders - impose a complex array of formalities, structuring imports, production, and distribution, which hamper foreign direct investments. These guidelines provide a number of initial recommendations and suggestions, such as the requirement (as necessary) to expand fundamental concepts, or to clearly define the required regulatory framework, specifying the practical application of new regulations, and their respective valid institutionalization.

Published:nov 2001

Author:John Raven

Des enquêtes pour connaître la demande

Published:juin 2001

Author:Brigitte Gr?goire, RATP (France)

Les micro-entreprises de transport collectif urbain à Abidjan, Bamako, Harare et Nairobi

Published:juin 2001

Author:Sitrass

Hiérarchiser le réseau de transport

Published:juin 2001

Author:Brigitte Gr?goire, RATP (France)

Gestion des transports urbains -- Cycle de formation à la gestion et à la maintenance des équipements municipaux

The Urban Mobility component within the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP), is intended to improve, in a sustainable manner, the mobility conditions of urban populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. This document illustrates the actions, and framework of a subject which describes a touching issue regarding initiatives on the Strategic Development Plan of SSATP, in itself a platform for research, and exchange of experiences. The management, and maintenance of municipal infrastructure, and equipments, including municipal technical services, represent the core of this document, which integrates as well, the main aspects of African urban mobility.

Published:juin 2001

Author:Pr?par? par Aoufa Ezzine

Le réseau de transport modèle l'urbanisme et influence les finances locales

Published:juin 2001

Author:Brigitte Gr?goire, RATP (France)

Qualité de l'air à Cotonou -- Synthèse

The note highlights the conclusions of the study on Urban Air Quality in Cotonou, carried out in 2000. The purpose of the study was to identify the major source of air pollution in the city, and quantify the costs associated with such pollution. Measures envisaged to limit air quality degradation, were grouped in three categories: technical and institutional measures concerning vehicles; operational measures, to improve effectiveness in terms of pollution; and, measures allowing a decrease in travel demand, i.e., urban planning policy. Results show that the most significant improvement was presented by the cumulative effect on measures taken on vehicles, and carburant, along with optimizing traffic conditions. Nonetheless, resulting priorities include traffic reorganization through highway prioritization, road surface improvement, and modal separation, as well as measures to monitor vehicle, and carburant quality simultaneously, and, implementation of a public transport system, developed to attract enough alternatives to the existing transport system.

Published:mai 2001

Mobilité urbaine -- Onzième réunion du comité d'orientation -- Pollution atmosphérique en milieu urbain

Published:mai 2001

Rôle des organisations économiques régionales dans le renforcement des réformes relatives à l'IGR -- Rôle de l'UEMOA

Published:avr 2001

Author:Aboubakari BABA-MOUSSA Directeur de l?Am?nagement du Territoire Communautaire, des Infrastructures

15th Rural Travel and Transport Program (RTTP) Coordinating Committee Meeting -- Promotion des MIT chez les femmes Antemoro

Published:avr 2001

Routes bien entretenues... Financement assuré

Published:avr 2001

Author:Mr. Leon Ramaromanana, Coordinator, Madagascar

Solutions pour le transport local -- Acteurs, exemples et contre exemples -- Enseignements tirés du développement des moyens intermédiaires de transport

This publication is based on the key note paper presented by the author at the experts Meeting on Intermediate Means of Transport (IMT) which took place in Nairobi, Kenya from 15 to 18, June 1999. Some 50 participants from twelve African countries including Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe attended. Participants also included experts from the Netherlands, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom and the World Bank. The principal objective of the meeting was to examine (i) factors accounting for the observed low use of intermediate means of transport in Sub-Saharan Africa compared with the rest of the world, especially Asia and (ii) to evolve strategies for addressing identified shortcomings. Apart from their key note paper, additional papers were presented by experts from within and outside of Africa. It was the first gathering of international experts devoted to the subject of intermediate means of transport use in Sub-Saharan Africa and was the result of exhaustive consultations with stakeholders by the Rural Travel and Transport Program on the need for a holistic approach to the promotion of the enhanced use of intermediate means of transport given the nature and character of the factors accounting for their low use in SSA. Despite investment in roads, inadequate transport and accessibility constrain rural development. In Sub-Saharan Africa, most village transport still involves people (mainly women) walking and head loading. Between walking/carrying and large motorized transport there is a wide range of intermediate means of transport (IMTs). These increase transport capacity and reduce drudgery at relatively low cost, solving local transport problems. Local transport solutions include wheelbarrows, hand carts, bicycles, tricycles, animal-powered transport, motorcycles and power tiller trailers. The promotion of intermediate means of transport has had varied results. Examples (e.g., Mauritania, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Zambia) show both the effectiveness and the lack of success of promotion by projects, nongovernmental organizations, the private sector (formal and informal) and person-to-person exchanges. Most Asian transport technologies have been promoted by the private sector. Bicycles and donkeys have mainly spread in Africa through private sector and user-to-user promotion. Informal diffusion can be rapid and effective, but the existing patchy distribution of transport technologies illustrates its unreliability.

Published:avr 2001

Author:Paul Starkey

SOURCE, une méthode de suivi des performances des réseaux routiers, à grande échelle -- Routes des pays en développement - Gestion et suivi

Published:avr 2001

Author:Louis Fernique

Mobilité urbaine -- Onzième réunion du comité d'orientation -- Introduction

Published:mar 2001

Mobilité urbaine -- Onzième réunion du comité d'orientation -- Micro-entreprises de transport urbain à Abidjan, Bamako, Harare et Nairobi

Published:mar 2001

Author:Amako? P. Adol?houm?

Mobilité urbaine -- Onzième réunion du comité d'orientation -- Renforcement des capacités

Published:mar 2001

Mobilité urbaine -- Onzième réunion du comité d'orientation -- Microentreprises de transport urbain

Published:mar 2001

Transports urbains et coordination institutionnelle -- Premiers enseignements

Published:mar 2001

Author:ZORO Bi Nagon?, Agence des transports Urbains (AGETU)

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