Library documents


ITS Handbook

ITS Toolkit Companion Guide

General ITS for Urban Passenger Transport

TCRP Synthesis Report 35, “Information Technology Update for Transit: A Synthesis of Transit Practice”, 2000

TCRP Report 84, “e-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation - Volume 9 - Transit Enterprise Architecture and Planning Framework”, 2011

TransITS Project, “Intelligent Public Transport Systems : State-of-the-art in Europe”, 2003

SUTP, “Intelligent Transport Systems”, Module 4e, 2005

ITS for Operations Management, including AVM

TCRP Synthesis 73, “AVL Systems for Bus Transit: Update”, 2008

Kimley-Horn and Associates, “Integrating Business Processes to Improve Travel Time Reliability”, Strategic Highway Research Program, SHRP 2 Report S2-L01-RR-1, 2011

Cevallos, F. et al, “Using AVL Data to Improve Transit On-Time Performance”, Journal of Passenger Transportation, Vol. 14 No. 43 2011

TCRP Synthesis Report 70, “Mobile Data Termins”, 2007

TCRP Report 86, “Public Transportation Security, Vol. 7: Public Transportation Emergency Mobilization and Emergency Operations Guide”, 2005

TCRP Report 86, “Public Transportation Security, Vol. 8: Continuity of Operations (COOP) Planning Guidelines for Transportation Agencies”, 2005

Gkoumas, K, “Real-time control of public transit”, Ph.D. dissertation, Universita di Roma – La Sapienza, 2007

Bullock, P. at al, “Using GPS Technology to Measure On-Time Running of Scheduled Bus Services”, Journal of Public Transportation, Vol. 8 No. 1, 2005

ITS for Traveler Information

TCRP Synthesis 91, “Use and Deployment of Mobile Device Technology for Real-Time Transit Information”, 2011

TCRP Report 151, “Communication with Vulnerable Populations: A Transportation and Emergency Management Toolkit”, 2011

National Center for Transport Research, “Enabling Cost-Effective Multimodal Trip Planners through Open Transit Data”, University of South Florida, 2011

CODE Task Force, “Guidelines for Implementing Real-Time Information Projects for City-wide Public Transport”, 2000

ITS for Traffic Management and Traffic Signal Priority

Zhang, L. et al, “Development of an Integrated Adaptive Transit Signal Priority (ATSP) and Dynamic Passenger Information (DPI) System”, State of California Department of Transportation, 2011

Liao, C. and Davis, G., “Field Testing and Evaluation of a Wireless-Based Transit Signal Priority System”, Centre for Transportation Studies, University of Michigan, CTS 11-25, 2011

UITP, “Review of Bus Priority at Traffic Signals around the World”, UITP Working Group: Interaction of buses and signals at road crossings, 2009

US Department of Transportation, “Traffic Signal Priority: A Planning and Implementation Handbook”, 2005

ITS America, “Overview of Traffic Signal Priority”, 2004

TCRP Synthesis Report 48, “Real-Time Bus Arrival Information Systems”, 2003

ITS for Fare Collection

TCRP Synthesis Report 96, “Off-Board Fare Payment Using Proof-of-Payment Verification”, 2012

Mezghani, M., “Study on electronic ticketing in public transport”, EMTA, 2008

NFC Forum, “Near Field Communication in Public Transport”, 2011

TCRP Report 115, “Smart Card Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry”, 2006.

TCRP Report 94, “Fare Policies, Structures and Technologies: Update”, 2003

ITS for Network and Service Planning

Williams, B. and Sherrod, P., “ Google Transit Data Tool for Small Transit Agencies”, TRB Transit IDEA No. 58, 2011

Neumann, A. and Nagel, K., “A Paratransit-Inspired Evolutionary Process For Public Transit Network Design”, Transportation Research Board Annual Conference, 2012.

Wang, W., Attanucci,, J. and Wilson N., “Bus Passenger Origin-Destination Estimation and Related Analyses Using Automated Data Collection Systems”, Journal of Passenger Transportation, Vol. 14 No. 4, 2011

TCRP Report 135, “Controlling System Costs: Basic and Advanced Scheduling Manuals and Contemporary Issues in Transit Scheduling”, 2009

TCRP Report 126, “Leveraging ITS Data for Transit Market Research: A Practitioner’s Guidebook”, 2008.

TCRP Synthesis 77, “Passenger Counting Systems”, 2008

TCRP Synthesis Report 69, “Web-Based Survey Tedchniques”, 2006

TCRP Report 113, “Using Archived AVL-APC Data to Improve Transit Performance and Management”, 2006

TCRP Synthesis Report 57, “Use of Computer-Aided Scheduling and Dispatch for Demand Responsive Transit Services”, 2004

TCRP Synthesis Report 55, “Geographic Information System Applications in Transit”, 2004

TCRP Report 60, “Using Geographic Information Systems for Welfare to Work Transportation Planning and Service Delivery”, 2000

ITS for Security and Surveillance

TCRP Synthesis Report 93, “Practices to Protect Bus Operators from Passenger Assault”, 2011

TCRP Synthesis 90, “Video Surveillance Uses by Rail Transit Agencies”, 2011

ITS for Other Services

Douma, F. and Aue. S., “ITS and Locational Privacy: Suggestions for Peaceful Coexistence”, Centre for Transportation Studies, University of Michigan, CTS 11-21, 2011

TCRP Report 109, “Guidebook for Developing and Sharing Transit Bus Maintenance Practice”, 2005.

TCRP Report 72, “Simulators and Bus Safety: Guidelines for Acquiring and Using Transit Bus Operator Driving Simulators” 2001

ITS Benefits and Costs

US Department of Transportation, “Intelligent Transportation Systems Benefits, Costs, Deployment, and Lessons Learned Desk Reference: 2011 Update”, 2011

Bunch , J., Lowrance, C. and Hatcher, G. “The ITS Costs Database Evolution, Enhancements And Features”, ITS World Congress, October 2011

US Department of Transportation, “Regional Transportation Commission of Washoe County Intelligent Transportation System Implementation Evaluation Study”, 2010

ITS Implementation and Technology Choices

TCRP Report 84, “e-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation - Volume 7 – The Successful Adoption of Web-Based Collaborative Software”, 2011

TCRP Report 84, “e-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation - Volume 8 –Improving Public Transport Technology Implementations and Anticipating Emerging Technologies”, 2011

P3ITS Project, “Pre-Commercial Procurement for Intelligent Transport Systems: The P3ITS Handbook - A Guide for PCP Actors”, 2011

Ripplinger, D. and Brand-Sargent, B., “Technology Adoption by Small Urban and Rural Transit Agencies”, Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute, North Dakota, 2010

NICHES Project, “Selection of Innovative Concepts”, Deliverable 1.2, 2008

TCRP Synthesis Report 44, “Training for In-Board Bus Electronics”, 2002

TCRP Report 76, “Guidebook for Selecting Appropriate Technology Systems for Small Urban and Rural Public Transportation Operators”, 2002


All Reports and Synthesis Reports of the Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) of the US Transportation Research Board (TRB) can be downloaded as pdf files at

Despite more than two decades of very extensive and structured European Commission supported research in ITS (previously ‘telematics’) and in passenger transportation during the period, there is no comparable repository of European reports and research results. Outputs from the projects of the various Framework Programs going back to about 1996 can be found at the CORDIS website. This is structured by projects rather than by topic, requiring the user to first become familiar with the projects of potential relevance. which is rather user-unfriendly. The website is

European Case Studies on a wide range of transit topics, including ITS, are compiled by the ELTIS program,

The U.S. ITS Joint Program Office ITS Costs Database is located at

US National ITS Architecture is published at
This website also contains detailed technical information and guidance on how to use it.

The European ITS System Architecture is called FRAME. It is published at:

The Data Model TRANSMODEL is published at:

Another ITS Toolkit has been developed by the EU 2Decide project. It is free to use, but requires users to register. It is located at