Fare structures

The manner in which fare levels are structured across the network will depend on the objectives set for the fare collection system, in particular with regard to public policy and effectiveness in operation. The following practices have been identified:

  • Flat fare over urban network
  • Route-specific flat fares
  • Flat fare from point of boarding
  • Distance-graduated fares
  • Graduated fares with taper
  • Zonal and honeycomb fare patterns
  • Travel-time related fares
  • Fares related to number of boardings